In a PvP system, payment orders from both parties are charged simultaneously for an FX transaction. Without PvP, there is a serious risk that one party will provide the currency it owes to an FX transaction, but the other will not receive from its counterparty, resulting in the loss of capital. This is called settlement risk or „redemption risk” after the collapse of the German bank Herstatt in June 1974, leaving many of its foreign currency counterparties with significant losses.  In 1995, the Bank for International Settlements presented a possible solution on the basis of the PVP.  In the development of this proposal, the G20 banks created a dedicated financial institution, CLS Bank International.  After an FX transaction, settlement members send payment instructions to CLS. These instructions are authenticated and cross-referenced by CLS and maintained from the system until the invoice date. The daily CLS settlement cycle is carried out through settlement and financing that takes place during a five-hour window in which all Real-Time Gross Settlement Systems (NTGS) are open and can make and receive payments in clS settlement areas. This allows for the simultaneous settlement of payments on either side of an FX transaction. The CLS approach is the banking industry`s response to growing regulatory concerns about resolutions related to the growth of currency exchanges. CLS was originally designed for an interbank operation, but is now available to financial institutions and non-bank businesses. Nordea settlement Member of CLS Bank offers third-party clS services to financial institutions and large companies that carry out large foreign exchange transactions. With Nordea, you can get a straight-through processing process (STP) flow if you liquidate FX transactions in CLS bank.
This means using fully integrated solutions that connect your cash management system (TMS) to Nordea`s CLS system. In an average day, we make approximately $5.5 trillion in payment orders on behalf of our clients. However, the financing required to pay this amount is set on a multilateral basis (each settlement member transfers only the net amount of its combined payment obligations into each currency, while the gross value of its instructions continues to be settled). Our world`s first FX settlement service is available to third parties, directly and indirectly. CLS (originally Continuous Linked Settlement) is a specialized U.S. financial institution that offers its members foreign exchange (FX) resolution services. . . .